Increasing Rdi Outputs Through The Competitive Research Funding Operational Programme With Impact On The Emerging Market
|Dobrota Carmen; Rosu Maria-Magdalena; Puiu Andreea-Ionela; Milea Eduard C.; Paun Mihaela
|Romanian Statistical Review, 2022
Considering the broad impact of applied research on the economy, RDI funding evaluations are required both in terms of the number of allocated resources and the management of these resources. RDI efficacy depends on human resources productivity and the financing instruments established through national priorities. This paper offers an analysis of the RDI investments in Romania allocated through the Competitiveness Operational Programme 2014-2020, covering the European Structural and Investment Funds, namely the European regional development fund. The analysis of the funded projects highlighted the common trends among the beneficiaries of RDI projects, their options in managing resources in relation to the eligibility of costs, and their national distribution between the seven development regions of Romania. The amount of funding was discussed in terms of the smart specialization domains established by the national strategy. The conclusions of the study, correlated with the objectives set by the SNCDI 2014-2020, are relevant for the management of the future funding instruments allocated to RDI by the ERDF in the period 2021-2027.
New Methodological Approach To Classify Educational Institutions-A Case Study On Romanian High Schools
|Necula Marian; Rosu Maria-Magdalena; Firescu Alexandra-Maria; Basu Cecilia; Ardelean Andreea; Milea Eduard C.; Paun Mihaela
Since 2021, the National Evaluation exam in Romania (the exam aimed to assess 14- to 15-year-old students' knowledge at the end of lower secondary education and just before high school) has presented a novel examination structure that resembles PISA tests. The current investigation analyses the 2021 National Evaluation exam results compared to the results obtained in the previous two years (2019-2020) as an evaluation of upper education institutions' effectiveness in Romania. The results put forward the same conclusions as proposed by extant literature on Bucharest high schools. Even though the educational institutions show apparent progress and great adaptability to change, a more in-depth analysis reveals great inequality between educational institutions. As in the case of Bucharest, nationally there are only a small number of top-performing high schools in Romania, with the majority of high schools ranking in the lowest category as conceptualised in the study. The current investigation puts together a novel methodology for classification based on the main instruments proposed in literature: a letter grade classification and Turner's f-index. The results and the methodological proposal are especially relevant considering the latest PISA (2018) conclusions on Romania characterising the national educational system as underperforming.